CyberSecurity, Dos Don’ts and Career Options

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The Internet not only enhaced individuals ability to communicate, transact, and view distant places, but also increased the vulnerability of an individual to cyber threats. Cybersecurity threats are constantly evolving, so it’s crucial to develop good habits to protect yourself online. Here’s a breakdown of essential cybersecurity Do’s and Don’ts to keep you safe in the digital world:


  • Build Strong Passwords: This is the first line of defense. Use a unique, complex password for every account, ideally a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. Consider using a password manager to help you create and store strong passwords securely.
  • Enable Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): MFA adds an extra layer of security by requiring a second verification step beyond your password, like a code from your phone.
  • Stay Up-to-Date: Keep your operating system, software, and applications updated with the latest security patches. Outdated software can have vulnerabilities that hackers exploit.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: These deceptive emails or messages try to trick you into revealing personal information or clicking on malicious links. Don’t click on suspicious links or attachments, and be cautious of unsolicited emails, even if they appear to come from a legitimate source.
  • Think Before You Share: Oversharing online can expose you to risks. Be mindful of what information you post on social media and other public platforms.
  • Back Up Your Data: Regularly back up your important data to an external drive or cloud storage in case of a cyberattack or device failure.


  • Use Public Wi-Fi Unprotected: Public Wi-Fi networks are convenient, but they’re often unsecured. Avoid accessing sensitive information like bank accounts or credit cards while on public Wi-Fi. If you must use public Wi-Fi, consider using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) to encrypt your connection.
  • Fall for Free Software Downloads: Free software downloads from untrusted sources can be riddled with malware. Stick to reputable sources for software downloads.
  • Ignore Security Warnings: Those pop-up warnings from your browser or security software are there for a reason. Pay attention to them and take appropriate action.
  • Click on Suspicious Links: If a link seems too good to be true, it probably is. Avoid clicking on links in unsolicited emails or from unknown senders.
  • Open Unknown Attachments: Never open attachments from unknown senders, even if they appear harmless.
  • Share Personal Information Publicly: Avoid sharing sensitive information like your social security number, credit card details, or home address on social media or public forums.

By following these simple Do’s and Don’ts, you can significantly improve your cybersecurity posture. Remember, cybersecurity is a continuous practice. Stay vigilant, and don’t hesitate to research and learn more about online safety measures. By taking responsibility for your online security, you can navigate the digital world with confidence.

With the ever-increasing reliance on digital information and the constant threat of cyberattacks, the demand for skilled cybersecurity professionals is at an all-time high.

What does a cybersecurity professional do?

Cybersecurity professionals wear many hats, but their core responsibility is to protect organizations and individuals from cyber threats. This can involve tasks like:

  • Identifying and mitigating vulnerabilities in computer systems and networks.
  • Designing and implementing security measures to prevent cyberattacks.
  • Detecting and responding to security incidents when they occur.
  • Staying up-to-date on the latest cyber threats and trends.
  • Educating and training users on cybersecurity best practices.

Variety in Cybersecurity Careers

The beauty of cybersecurity is the diverse range of career paths available. Here are some examples:

  • Security Analyst: Analyzes security data to identify threats and vulnerabilities.
  • Penetration Tester: Ethically hacks into systems to find weaknesses before malicious actors do.
  • Security Engineer: Designs, implements, and maintains security systems and controls.
  • Security Architect: Creates the overall security strategy for an organization.
  • Cybersecurity Consultant: Provides security expertise and guidance to organizations.
  • Digital Forensics Investigator: Investigates cybercrimes and collects digital evidence.

Breaking into Cybersecurity

While there’s no single path to a cybersecurity career, some common entry points include:

  • Earning a cybersecurity degree or certification: Several degree programs and certifications can equip you with the necessary knowledge and skills. Consider degrees in cybersecurity, computer science, or information technology. Certifications like CompTIA Security+ or CCST CyberSecurity can also be valuable.
  • Starting in IT: Gaining experience in IT support or network administration can provide a strong foundation for cybersecurity.
  • Building a home lab: Setting up a home lab environment allows you to experiment with security tools and technologies.

Skills for Success

Here are some key skills sought after in cybersecurity professionals:

  • Technical skills: Understanding of networks, operating systems, and security tools.
  • Analytical skills: Ability to analyze data and identify patterns.
  • Problem-solving skills: Identifying and resolving security issues.
  • Communication skills: Clearly explaining complex technical concepts.
  • Curiosity and a passion for learning: Staying up-to-date in this ever-evolving field is crucial.

A Rewarding Career Choice

A career in cybersecurity offers a dynamic and challenging environment with ample opportunities for growth. You’ll be at the forefront of protecting critical infrastructure and personal information, making a real difference in the digital world. If you’re passionate about technology and security, consider exploring the exciting possibilities of a cybersecurity career.

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Top Networking and Security Career Certifications

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Computer networking is a fast growing area for the past several years. There has always been demand for network engineers and administrators across the sectors. Top 5 networking certifications, along with a brief description of topics covered, and practice test providers are given below for new entrants that are exploring to start a career in networking and network security.

  1. Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA)
  • Brief description: An entry-level certification that validates your understanding of networking fundamentals, including IP addressing, network security, and Cisco technologies.

Topics covered:

  • Networking fundamentals
  • IP addressing
  • VLANs and routing
  • Network security fundamentals
    • Automation and programmability

Prep Information, Practice test, exam guides providers:

  1. CompTIA Network+
  • Network+ (Network Plus) is a vendor-neutral certification that covers a broad range of networking topics, including network technologies, security, and troubleshooting.

Topics covered:

  • Networking concepts
  • Network infrastructure
  • IP addressing
  • Security essentials
  • Network devices
  • Troubleshooting

Prep Information, Practice test, exam guides providers:

  1. AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate
  • An associate-level certification that validates your ability to design and deploy secure, scalable, and cost-effective architectures on the AWS platform. While not strictly a networking certification, it covers many relevant networking topics.

Topics covered:

  • Design principles and best practices
  • Cloud architecture design
  • Implementing core infrastructure
  • Security features
  • Cost management

Study materials, practice tests, and other useful resources:

  1. Microsoft Certified Azure Network Engineer Associate

ANEA is an associate-level certification that validates your ability to implement and manage Microsoft Azure networking solutions.

Topics covered:

  • Azure networking fundamentals
  • Implementing virtual networks
  • Configuring network security groups
  • Managing public IP addresses
  • Connecting to on-premises networks

Practice test providers:

  1. Juniper Networks Certified Associate – Junos (JNCIA-Junos)

    Juniper Networks Certified Associate Junos (JNCIAJunos) certification logo

JNCIA – JUNOS is an entry-level certification that validates your knowledge of the Junos operating system, used by Juniper networking devices.

Topics covered:

  • Junos basics
  • Routing fundamentals
  • Switching fundamentals
  • Security basics
  • Management and automation

Practice test providers:

The best certification for you will depend on your experience, career goals, and the specific networking technologies you want to focus on. For career starters, CCNA and JNCIA both provide very good fundamentals knowledge, though both focus on respective networking operation systems for learning purpose. Website Update

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ExamGuidesThe website has been updated recently for better user experience. The website is compliant with Mobile First design as specified by Google and other major search engines. Further, breadcrumbs have been added for better navigation. Check it out and leave your comments. Major Update to Mobile First Responsive Site

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The website  has undergone a major update towards fully responsive site. A fully responsive site, also called Mobile First, provides uniform appearance on mobile as well as desktop devices.

The website uses HTML5, CSS3, Media Query, and JQuery for coding and breadcrumbs aided navigation for better user experience. Typical screen shots for various devices are given below:

The mobile version of the site consists of the same menu items as that of the desktop site, but customized to the mobile device. The menu is user friend and the web page contents are readily accessible with just scrolling vertically.

As may be seen, the first level menu consists of Certification Notes, Electronic Assembly, Satellite Communications, Computers & Networks, RF Test & Meas, and Software. On clicking the first level menus, a user would be presented with second level menu as shown in the figure below:

For example, the Main Menu tab Certification Notes has four Sub-Menu items, namely, Comptia Certificaiton, Cisco Certifications, ITIL Certifications, and Others. By clicking on respective sub-menu item, one would be taken to the third-level menu link or to the corresponding web page as applicable. In this particular case, third level menu item is presented as shown in the figure below:

The third level menu items consist of A+ Cert Exam, Network+ Cert Exam, Server+ Cert Exam, and Security+ Cert Exam. On clicking the hyperlink, one will be taken to the respective web page as shown below:

Reponsive Website Design –

As may be seen in the figure to the right, the web page consists of navigation bread crumbs giving the path to the current page. In this example, it is Certification Notes > A+ Cert Exam > A+ Essentials Cram Notes (An ad appearing below that and followed by the notes).

The website has been thoroughly updated and reviewed for design and visual interface so that web pages are rendered properly in all possible mobile and desktop devices.

Please email us the feedback if you find any bugs or suggest any improvements. Website Update

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Exam-Guides-LogoThe website has been updated thoroughly.  The new layout is very user friendly and provides a horizontal menu with drop-down links. The cram notes has been revised for various certification exams. Several certification paths, including CompTIA A+ and Network+ Certification notes are being updated. The website provides exam cram in Cisco, CompTIA, Oracle, Microsoft, PMI, EC-Council, Sun Java, Check Point, and others.

The exam cram notes is being updated to align with the changes in the certification exams. The new exam notes will be updated over the next couple of weeks, and the old notes will still be available..
The new exam cram notes to be made available include the following:
a. A+ Essential 220-801 Exam Cram
b. A+ Practical Application 220-802 Exam Cram
c. CCNA 200-120 Exam Cram
d. CCENT 100-101 Exam Cram
e. ICND2 200-101 Exam Cram

Please visit website for more information and free exam cram notes.