Apr 062015
 

AmaravathiThe Government of Andhra Pradesh has named the new capital city as Amaravati. The first phase of the capital city construction will be completed within four years. Amaravati has historical, spiritual and mythological significance as below:

It was the capital of Satavahanas, the first great Andhra kings who ruled from the 2nd century BCE to the 3rd century CE, after the downfall of Maurya empire.  After the decline of Satavahanas, Andhra Ikshvakus and later Pallava kings ruled Krishna river valley. Subsequently, Eastern Chalukyas and Telugu Cholas held sway over the region. Kota Kings were in control of Amaravati during the medieval times. Kota kings were subdued by Kakatiyas in 11th century CE and Amaravati became part of the unified Telugu empire.

After the declaration of Hyderabad as the capital of former Andhra Pradesh, the Guntur and Krishna region had been neglected for several decades. With the bifucation of united Andhra Pradesh state as Telangana and Andhra Pradesh (residual state of AP), the andhrites started looking for a new capital as the existing capital Hyderabad had been made the capital city of Telangana. This inevitably driven the government to the cradle of AP, i.e. Guntur – Krishna region, which also happens to be centrally located in residual state of AP. Considering that Amaravathi had been the capital of Satavahana kings, and the spiritual importance associated with the region, the government aptly named the new capical city of residual state of AP as Amaravathi. This should not be mistaken with the Amaravathi town that is closely situated to the capital Amaravathi. Over a period of time, the town is likely to become part of Andhra capital due to close proximity.

The capital city will be situated on the banks of river Krishna combining the districts of Guntur and Krishna.

AP Capital Master Plan

1) Cities comes under Capital region: Vijayawada, Mangalagiri, Guntur, Tenali, Sattenapalli, Nandigama, Nuzvidu, Gudivada and Gannavaram.

2) Proposed Urban Regions: Vijayawada, Mangalagiri, Gannavaram regions comes under capital core region. The region will be extended with the areas Sattenapalli, Nandigama, Nuzvidu, Gudivada, and Tenali.

3) Proposed Industrial Corridors / Regions: Sattenapalli, Nandigama, Guntur – Yadlapadu, Pamarru, Tenali, Ganavaram, Kondapalli, Nuzividu, Mangalagiri, Amaravathi along with Nizampatnam and Vadarevu ports.

Growth Corridors: Following are the growth corridors in the proposed capital city master draft plan – I. Airport is also proposed at Mangalagiri.
1) Nizampatnam Port – Tenali – Capital City
2) Telangana border – Nandigama
3) Narasaraopet – Sattenapalli – Amaravathi – Capital City
4) Vissannapet – Nuzvidu – Capital City
5) Gundugolanu – Eluru – Hanuman Junction – Gannavaram
6) Machilipatnam – Pamarru – Gudivada – Gannavaram
7) Martur – Chilakaluripet – Guntur – Mangalagiri

  4 Responses to “Amaravathi – The Capital of Andhra Pradesh”

  1. Thank you for providing detailed information about Amaravathi, the new capital of Andhra Pradesh. Amaravathi is named after its historic site. As mentioned there are many places to visit in Amaravathi. The town is a center of pilgrimage to both Hindus and Buddhists and has historical, spiritual and mythological significance.

  2. thanks for your feedback!

  3. INFORMATION/ REFERENCE ON KOTA DYNASTY ( Dharani Kota/ Amaravathi)

    ” The Kotas of Dhanamjaya Gothra appear as the second among the four important branches of Kshatriyas in Telugu land”
    – page 174 ‘History of Andhra Country’ 1000AD-1500AD by Yashoda Devi.Book published by Gyan Publishing House.
    ———————–
    ” DHARANIKOTA –
    Ganna Bhupala Dantuluri was ruling a tract about Dharanikota about 1400 A.D. was of Kota lineage. Famous Telugu poet Srinatha wrote ‘Dhananjaya Vijayam’ and dedicated it to Dantuluri Gannabhupala. Mahamuni Kavya Kanta Ganapathi Shastry mentioned in his book that King Dantuluri Gannabhupala gave away his daughter Surambika to Ana Vema Reddy who ruled Addanki. This was mentioned to be the first marriage between Kshatriya and Reddy communities”
    (Source worldlibrary. org)
    ———————-
    ” Rudra-1 (1201-1248 AD) was the greatest of Natavadis.Rudra’s earliest inscription is from Bezwada date A.D.1201 mentioning him as the brother-in-law (marundi) of Ganapati of the Kakatiyas. His next inscription also from Bezwada dated A.D.1205 mentions him as Natavadi Rudra, and his father Budhaaraja. Rudra’s inscription from Tripurantakam dated A.D.1209 is issued in the reign of Ganapati of the Kakatiyas. It mentions the king as Vakkadimalla Rudra the second son of Buddha and his queen as melambika, the sister of Ganapati of Kakatiyas.”
    – page Nos. 191, 192 ‘History of Andhra Country’ 1000AD-1500AD by Yashoda Devi. Book published by Gyan Publishing House.

    Rudra-1 ( Also known as Rudraraju or Natavadi Rudraraju or Natavati Rudraraju ). Rudraraju surname Rajus could be direct descendants of the ruler. There was another Kota (Dharani Kota ) king also by name ‘Rudraraju/Kota Rudraraju’ of Dhananjaya gothra, it might be possible that the ‘Rudraraju’ surname emerged since then. Rudraraju ( Nathavati king) was also GENERAL of the Kakatiyas, he married Mailama Devi ( Mailamamba) of Kakatiya family.
    ————————–
    Chalukya Veerabhadra ( then Nidadavolu prince) of Dhananjaya gothra married Rani (empress) Rudrama Devi of Kakatiya dynasty.
    “In the 14th century about A.D.1360 some Chalukyas-Kshatriyas – Rachavaru of lunar race were ruling Jallipalli and Neighbouring Tracts”
    – page Nos. 258 ‘History of Andhra Country’ 1000AD-1500AD by Yashoda Devi. Book published by Gyan Publishing House.
    Tuni ( East Godavari) ‘Dantuluri’ Zamindars, Thoyyeru/ Koppuram ‘Nallaparaju’ zamindars of RAJU ( Telugu Kshatriya) community belong to this Gothra only.

    KOTA / DHARANI KOTA IS PRESENT DAY AMARAVATHI REGION ( which has been declared as new capital) OF ANDHRA PRADESH STATE.

  4. The important 4 Dynasties that ruled the Telugu land :
    a) PARICHEDIS ( Guhila , Vishnukundin Clan ) – Their gothra ‘Vashishta’
    b) KOTA/ DHARANI KOTA ( Kubja Vishnuvardhana , Eastern Chalukya Clan) – ‘Dhananjaya’ gothra
    c) KAKATI/KAKATIYA ( Karikala Chola, Kakati Prola Raju Clan) – Their gothra ‘Kashyapa’
    d) VARNATA ( Aditya chola, Varnata Rajendra Chola Clan) – Their gothra ‘ Kaundinyasa’
    Information available on this topic in Telugu book ” Andhra Samsthanamulu – Sahitya Poshana” published by Andhra University. This book was published form of Ph.D thesis submitted by Dr. Thoomati Donappa ( Former Vice Chancellor of Telugu University).
    Another reference book on this subject is ” Sri Andhra Kshatriya Vamsa Ratnakaram” by Budharaju Varahalaraju.
    Extract from a Telugu language book ‘ KSHATRIYANVAYAMANJUSHA’ by Sri. Duvvuri Jagannadha Sharma

    KOTA( DHARANIKOTA) Kings (‘ Dhananjaya’ is their Gothram/ Gothra )
    ” The Kotas of Dhanamjaya Gothra appear as the second among the four important branches of Kshatriyas in Telugu land”
    – page 174 ‘History of Andhra Country’ 1000AD-1500AD by Yashoda Devi.Book published by Gyan Publishing
    House.
    ———————–
    ” DHARANIKOTA –
    Ganna Bhupala Dantuluri was ruling a tract about Dharanikota about 1400 A.D. was of Kota lineage. Famous Telugu poet Srinatha wrote ‘Dhananjaya Vijayam’ and dedicated it to Dantuluri Gannabhupala. Mahamuni Kavya Kanta Ganapathi Shastry mentioned in his book that King Dantuluri Gannabhupala gave away his daughter Surambika to Ana Vema Reddy who ruled Addanki. This was mentioned to be the first marriage between Kshatriya and reddy communities”
    (Source worldlibrary. org)
    ———————-
    ” Rudra-1 (1201-1248 AD) was the greatest of Natavadis.Rudra’s earliest inscription is from Bezwada date A.D.1201 mentioning him as the brother-in-law (marundi) of Ganapati of the Kakatiyas. His next inscription also from Bezwada dated A.D.1205 mentions him as Natavadi Rudra, and his father Budhaaraja. Rudra’s inscription from Tripurantakam dated A.D.1209 is issued in the reign of Ganapati of the Kakatiyas. It mentions the king as Vakkadimalla Rudra the second son of Buddha and his queen as melambika, the sister of Ganapati of Kakatiyas.”
    – page Nos. 191, 192 ‘History of Andhra Country’ 1000AD-1500AD by Yashoda Devi. Book published by Gyan Publishing House.

    Rudra-1 ( Also known as Rudraraju or Natavadi Rudraraju or Natavati Rudraraju ). Rudraraju surname Rajus could be direct descendants of the ruler. There was another Kota (Dharani Kota ) king also by name ‘Rudraraju/Kota Rudraraju’ of Dhananjaya gothra, it might be possible that the ‘Rudraraju’ surname emerged since then. Rudraraju ( Nathavati king) was also GENERAL of the Kakatiyas, he married Mailama Devi ( Mailamamba) of Kakatiya family.
    ————————–
    Chalukya Veerabhadra ( then Nidadavolu prince) of Dhananjaya gothra married Rani (empress) Rudrama Devi of Kakatiya dynasty.
    “In the 14th century about A.D.1360 some Chalukyas-Kshatriyas – Rachavaru of lunar race were ruling Jallipalli and Neighbouring Tracts”
    – page Nos. 258 ‘History of Andhra Country’ 1000AD-1500AD by Yashoda Devi. Book published by Gyan Publishing House.
    Tuni ( East Godavari) ‘Dantuluri’ Zamindars, Thoyyeru/ Koppuram ‘Nallaparaju’ zamindars of RAJU ( Telugu Kshatriya) community belong to this Gothra only.

    KOTA / DHARANI KOTA IS PRESENT DAY AMARAVATHI REGION ( which has been declared as new capital) OF ANDHRA PRADESH STATE.

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